Felix Edward Vallotton is usually considered a Frenchman, but he was born in Switzerland, in Lausanne, on December 28, 1865 into a Protestant family. His father, Arman Adrien, was a notary, and his mother, Louise, nee Rosen, was the daughter of a baker. The family was far from art and literature.
Felix received his primary education at the cantonal gymnasium in Lausanne. And in 1882 his father, noting the 17-year-old’s penchant for drawing, took him to Paris – the then Mecca of the artistic class. Here Felix was originally trained in the ability to make gypsum figurines in one of the many private workshops in Paris. On February 13, 1882, Felix wrote to his parents: “There are about 90 of us students squeezed into a room that is no bigger than the salon in our house.” Felix ate in the neighboring dairy, spending no more than 13 sous for Continue reading
A significant feature of Dutch art was the significant prevalence in all its forms of painting. Representatives of the highest echelons of power, poor burghers, artisans and peasants decorated their homes with paintings. They were sold at auctions and fairs; artists sometimes even used them as a means of paying bills.
Road in the Forest, Meindert Hobbem, 1670
Painters were abundant, and there was quite fierce competition, since the profession of the artist was widespread. By painting, not many could earn their bread. Most artists had to do a variety of work: Jacob van Reusdal was a doctor, Meinert Hobbema worked as an excise official, and Jan Steen as an innkeeper. Continue reading
As in other parts of Europe, Italian neoclassical art was based mainly on the principles of ancient Roman and ancient Greek art and architecture, as well as on Italian architecture of the Renaissance and its foundations, for example, this is observed in the Villa Carpa “La Rotonda”.
Classicism and neoclassicism in Italian art and architecture developed during the Italian Renaissance, in particular in the works and projects of Leon Battista Alberti and the work of Filippo Brunelleschi. The emphasis is on the symmetry, proportion, geometry and orderliness of the parts in such a way as they were demonstrated in the architecture of antiquity, in particular, in the architecture of Ancient Rome, many examples of which have been preserved. The correct order of columns, pilasters and architrave beams, as well as the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, Continue reading