He received his primary education at a Latin school in Florence. He studied painting at Ghirlandaio, sculpture at Bertoldo di Giovanni in the art school founded by Lorenzo Medici in the Medici Gardens. He copied the frescoes of Giotto and Masaccio, studied the sculpture of Donatello, and in 1494 in Bologna met with the works of Jacopo della Quercia. In the house of Lorenzo, where Michelangelo lived for two years, he became acquainted with the philosophy of Neoplatonism, which later had a strong influence on his world outlook and work. The attraction to the monumental enlargement of forms was already evident in his first works – the reliefs “Madonna at the Stairs” (c. 1491, Casa Buonarroti, Florence) and “Battle of the Centaurs” (c. 1492, ibid.).
First Roman period (1496-1501) Continue reading
Cubism is a trend in the avant-garde art of the early 20th century, which radically changed European painting and sculpture, and also inspired the corresponding trends in music, literature and architecture. Cubism is considered the most influential trend in 20th-century art. This term was widely used in connection with the great variety of art created in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteau) in the 1910s and 1920s.
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso stood at the origins of cubism, later they were joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Focognier, Fernand Leger and Juan Gris. The main factor that led to the creation of cubism was the representation of the three-dimensional form in the latest works of Paul Cezanne. In the Autumn Salon of 1904, a retrospective of Cezanne’s paintings was carried out, current works Continue reading
Chinese painting is one of the oldest uninterrupted art traditions in the world. Painting in a traditional style is known today in Chinese as guóhuà (國畫 T, 国画 S), which means “folk painting” or “domestic”, in contrast to Western art styles that became popular in China in the twentieth century. Traditional painting essentially includes the same methods of calligraphy and is created with a brush dipped in black ink or colored pigments; oils are not used. As in the case of calligraphy, the most popular materials on which the paintings are made are paper and silk. Finished work can be installed on rolls that are hung or laid out. Works of traditional painting can also be performed on album sheets, walls, varnished surfaces, screens, etc.
2 main techniques of Chinese painting:
Gongbi (工筆), which means “thorough” and involves extremely detailed strokes that define the details very precisely. Often it is characterized by multicolor and usually depicts figurative or narrative themes. It is practiced by artists working at the royal court or in independent workshops. Continue reading