Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading
At the beginning of the 20th century, representatives of futurism developed a dynamic view of the modern world, while Giorgio de Chirico demonstrated a strange metaphysical calm, while Amedeo Modigliani joined the Paris school. Later gifted contemporary masters include sculptors Giacomo Manzu, Marino Marini, still life painter Giorgio Morandi and innovative painter Lucho Fontana. In the second half of the XX century, Italian designers, especially representatives of Milan, had a significant impact on international styles, thanks to their impressive and ingenious functional work.
“The street enters the house” Umberto Boccioni Continue reading
As in other parts of Europe, Italian neoclassical art was based mainly on the principles of ancient Roman and ancient Greek art and architecture, as well as on Italian architecture of the Renaissance and its foundations, for example, this is observed in the Villa Carpa “La Rotonda”.
Classicism and neoclassicism in Italian art and architecture developed during the Italian Renaissance, in particular in the works and projects of Leon Battista Alberti and the work of Filippo Brunelleschi. The emphasis is on the symmetry, proportion, geometry and orderliness of the parts in such a way as they were demonstrated in the architecture of antiquity, in particular, in the architecture of Ancient Rome, many examples of which have been preserved. The correct order of columns, pilasters and architrave beams, as well as the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, Continue reading