Just like in painting, cubist sculpture is rooted in the reduction by Paul Cezanne of drawn objects to compound planes and geometric bodies (cubes, spheres, cylinders and cones). And just like in painting, it became an all-pervasive influence and significantly contributed to constructivism and futurism.
Cubist sculpture developed in parallel with cubism in painting. In the fall of 1909, Picasso created “The Head of a Woman (Fernando)” with positive features using negative and positive space. According to Douglas Cooper: “The first real cubist sculpture was the impressive“ Woman’s Head ”by Picasso, modeled in 1909-1910, the equivalent in three dimensions for many of these analytical and faceted heads in his paintings of that time.” These positive / negative changes were ambitiously used by Alexander Arkhipenko in 1912-1913, for example, in The Walking Woman. After Arkhipenko, Jozsef Chaki was the first sculptor in Paris to join the Cubists, with whom he exhibited Continue reading
Cubism was born in the years 1907-1911. Pablo Picasso’s 1907 painting Avignon Maidens is often considered a proto-Cubist work. Georges Braque’s “Homes in Estate” (and related works) prompted the critic Louis Vosel to turn to bizarreries cubiques (cubic oddities). Gertrude Stein referred to landscapes painted by Picasso in 1909, for example, “Pond (Reservoir at Horta de Ebro)” as the first Cubist paintings. The first organized group exhibition of cubists took place at the Salon de la Independent in Paris in the spring of 1911 in a room called Hall 41 (Salle 41); it included the works of Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Fernand Leger, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Focognier, works by Picasso and Braque have not yet been exhibited.
Paul Cezanne Quarry Bibémus (“The Bibemius Quarry”), 1898-1900, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany Continue reading