Just like in painting, cubist sculpture is rooted in the reduction by Paul Cezanne of drawn objects to compound planes and geometric bodies (cubes, spheres, cylinders and cones). And just like in painting, it became an all-pervasive influence and significantly contributed to constructivism and futurism.
Cubist sculpture developed in parallel with cubism in painting. In the fall of 1909, Picasso created “The Head of a Woman (Fernando)” with positive features using negative and positive space. According to Douglas Cooper: “The first real cubist sculpture was the impressive“ Woman’s Head ”by Picasso, modeled in 1909-1910, the equivalent in three dimensions for many of these analytical and faceted heads in his paintings of that time.” These positive / negative changes were ambitiously used by Alexander Arkhipenko in 1912-1913, for example, in The Walking Woman. After Arkhipenko, Jozsef Chaki was the first sculptor in Paris to join the Cubists, with whom he exhibited Continue reading
Japanese painting has a very rich history; its tradition is vast, while Japan’s unique position in the world has largely influenced the dominant styles and techniques of Japanese artists. The well-known fact that Japan has been quite isolated for many centuries is due not only to geography, but also to the dominant Japanese cultural tendency toward isolation, which marked the country’s history. Over the centuries of the existence of what we could call “Japanese civilization,” culture and art developed separately from those in the rest of the world. And this is even noticeable in the practice of Japanese painting. For example, Nihong’s paintings are some of the main works of Japanese painting practice. It is based on more than a thousand-year tradition, and paintings are usually created with brushes on your (Japanese paper) or egin (silk). Continue reading