Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading
It is generally accepted that the Venetian carnival owes its appearance to the Roman Saturnalia. This is an annual holiday that was held at the end of the harvest, attributable to the winter solstice. Celebrated during him the god of Saturn, fun and massively. Even the famous masks went from such festivities. The fact is that at that time slaves were allowed to sit at the same table with the owners, but in order not to hamper anyone and to put on masks. The origin of the name “carnival” is not known for certain. One of the most common versions is the interpretation of the Catholic Church. According to him, this word came from the Latin “carne vale”, which translates as “farewell to meat.” Thus, the church, as it were, made a substitution. An old pre-Christian holiday, she used to prepare believers for strict fasting, followed by Easter. As for Continue reading
Cleopatra has inspired artists since the Renaissance. On the one hand, she was a great queen, whose attractiveness succumbed to Caesar and Anthony, the two most influential Roman military leaders. On the other hand, her tragic suicide, which deprived the winner of at least part of his triumph. However, ancient authors agree with the fact that Cleopatra was bitten by a snake in her hand. A bite in the chest is an invention of Shakespeare, which was later eagerly picked up by the visual arts.
Guido Reni: The Death of Cleopatra (1625-1630) painting by Guido Reni Maria Magdalene (1635)
Guido Reni shows Cleopatra in the pose of a repentant sinner. For comparison, on the right is his painting “Mary Magdalene” (1635). It depicts the same pose, and the same expression. The difference, besides the obligatory presence of the snake, is only in the lighting that promises to give divine grace to Mary Magdalene. In this case, the historical authenticity of two women, whose appearance and decoration corresponds to the XVII century, is absolutely not Continue reading