Italian painting 13-14 centuries
The leading role in Italian painting of the 13th century was played by the Byzantine tradition. Italy was a motley conglomerate of cultural centers. A special role among numerous local…

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Still life story
In art, still life (from the French. Natur morte - "dead nature") is usually called the image of inanimate objects, united in a single compositional group. Still life can have…

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Cubism: Technical and Stylistic Aspects
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans discovered African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and…

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ancient painting

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Mane Edouard

Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading

Venice. Holidays, festivals, carnivals

It is generally accepted that the Venetian carnival owes its appearance to the Roman Saturnalia. This is an annual holiday that was held at the end of the harvest, attributable to the winter solstice. Celebrated during him the god of Saturn, fun and massively. Even the famous masks went from such festivities. The fact is that at that time slaves were allowed to sit at the same table with the owners, but in order not to hamper anyone and to put on masks. The origin of the name “carnival” is not known for certain. One of the most common versions is the interpretation of the Catholic Church. According to him, this word came from the Latin “carne vale”, which translates as “farewell to meat.” Thus, the church, as it were, made a substitution. An old pre-Christian holiday, she used to prepare believers for strict fasting, followed by Easter. As for Continue reading

Cleopatra in art and painting: exotic queen and femme fatale

Cleopatra has inspired artists since the Renaissance. On the one hand, she was a great queen, whose attractiveness succumbed to Caesar and Anthony, the two most influential Roman military leaders. On the other hand, her tragic suicide, which deprived the winner of at least part of his triumph. However, ancient authors agree with the fact that Cleopatra was bitten by a snake in her hand. A bite in the chest is an invention of Shakespeare, which was later eagerly picked up by the visual arts.

Guido Reni: The Death of Cleopatra (1625-1630) painting by Guido Reni Maria Magdalene (1635)

Guido Reni shows Cleopatra in the pose of a repentant sinner. For comparison, on the right is his painting “Mary Magdalene” (1635). It depicts the same pose, and the same expression. The difference, besides the obligatory presence of the snake, is only in the lighting that promises to give divine grace to Mary Magdalene. In this case, the historical authenticity of two women, whose appearance and decoration corresponds to the XVII century, is absolutely not Continue reading

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Joyful heavy metal and mad rabbits. New painting from Silesia
Starting from the 50s of the last century in Upper Silesia three associations of artists acted in turn, each of which excelled the previous one in eccentricity. Even in the…

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Cubism
Cubism is a trend in the avant-garde art of the early 20th century, which radically changed European painting and sculpture, and also inspired the corresponding trends in music, literature and…

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Santi Rafael
Already in the early paintings, written before moving to Florence, the harmonious warehouse of talent inherent in Raphael had an effect, his ability to find perfect agreement of forms, rhythms,…

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The concept and origin of cubism
Cubism was born in the years 1907-1911. Pablo Picasso's 1907 painting Avignon Maidens is often considered a proto-Cubist work. Georges Braque's “Homes in Estate” (and related works) prompted the critic…

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