Spanish painting. Modern period
Over the centuries, Spanish artists began to move away from traditional painting styles towards more abstract and freer styles. Plots became more obscure, reaching its peak in the direction of surrealism. The 20th century was probably one of the richest centuries in terms of the work of successful and world-famous Spanish artists. This century was the time of Picasso, Dali and Gris among others, all of them made a significant impression on the world of Spanish art.
Impressionist Spanish Art
Impressionism originated in Paris in the second half of the 19th century, in the 1860s and 1870s, although it was never very successful there, as it was not approved by the French Academy of Fine Arts. However, today the paintings of the Impressionists are known throughout the world.
The works of the Impressionists are done with quick, free strokes, their main focus is on creating a realistic impression of the light falling on the objects of painting. Impressionists often worked without studying the subject, they simply drew and wrote, allowing themselves complete creative freedom.
Most of the famous impressionists came from France, where this style was created. Claude Monet, Paul Cezanne and Edouard Manet were French Impressionists. However, Spain had its own species, which was represented by Joaquin Sorolla from Valencia.
Sorolla painted many fantastic images of the Spanish people under the Spanish sun. His most famous works are “The Sad Heritage” (Triste herencia) and “Portrait of Dr. Simarro with a Microscope” (el Dr Simarro en el laboratorio).
Symbolist Spanish Art
Symbolism was an art movement that spread in all forms of art at the beginning of the 20th century, especially in the fields of poetry and literature. However, he had his own path in Spanish painting.
In the paintings of the Symbolists, obviously, many symbols from the world of dreams and mythology were used to convey the feelings and emotions of the artist. Thus, this meant that the characters used in the paintings were very personal for the artist, in contrast to the common or widely known images that are recognizable to all. Therefore, the paintings of the Symbolists are often very mystical to perceive.
The Spanish painter from the Canary Islands Nestor Martin-Fernandez de la Torre was a particularly famous Spanish symbolist artist and modernist, whose work was recognized by critics in Spain.
Cubist Spanish art
Cubism was a revolutionary painting style created at the beginning of the 20th century by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, originally from the city of Malaga. Cubism uses geometric shapes to create a picture. Cubism, as they say, was the end of realistic paintings and the beginning of modernist art.
Without a doubt, the most prominent representative of Cubism was the Spaniard Pablo Picasso, who was called the Father of all Cubism. Other important representatives of Cubism were the artists Georges Braque and Juan Gris.
The most famous works of Picasso: “Guernica”, “Girls from Avignon” and “Crying Woman”. Guernica plays a special role in Spanish culture, as it relates to the Spanish Civil War.
Surrealistic Spanish art
Surrealism was an art movement that was especially popular between the two world wars. It was a kind of anti-art, it specialized in representing images of the unconscious. Due to the fact that special attention was paid to images “from dreams and dreams,” surrealism included many different methods and styles. For its part, Spain was the birthplace of many great surrealist artists, each of whom had his own style of surrealism and his own completely separate personality.
The bizarre Salvador Dali, remembered for his wild mustache, painted many paintings inspired by dreams: for example, “Persistence of memory” (La persistencia-de-la Memoria) and “Soft design with boiled beans (a premonition of civil war)” (Construcción blanda con judias hervidas (Premonición de la guerra civil)).
Joan Miro is another Spanish artist who used the surrealism style. Miro experimented in early surrealism and the surrealistic pictorial language of painting. Some of his many great works: “The Plowed Field” (La Terre Labouree) and “Blue I, II, and III”