Watercolor (from Italian. Aquarello) – means painting with water-based paints.
There are several varieties of watercolor techniques:
dry – painting on dry paper, with drying of each layer of paint before applying the subsequent
raw, wet watercolor, alla prima – painting on raw paper
Alla prima (ala prim) (derived from Italian. Alla prima – at the first moment) is a type of oil and watercolor painting technique that provides for the painting (or its fragment) to be completed in one session, without prior registration and under-painting.
Airbrushing is a technique of painting with an airbrush (in translation, an air brush is a device for thinly spraying paint with compressed air) using a stencil.
Batik (from Indonesian wa – cotton fabric and tik – dot) – a pattern on the fabric.
There are several types of batik, depending on the technique of its manufacture:
cold batik – a pattern is created using a cold backup composition.
There are four types of cold batik: classic, multilayer, open graphics, free painting of fabric. Free painting happens in watercolor technique, stencil technique and free painting.
hot batik – a pattern is created using a hot backup composition: molten wax or other similar substances.
There are three types of hot batik: direct single-layer, direct multi-layer and reverse, etching.
experimental batik – painting with rollers, stamping or pouring with molten wax; shibori, planks, bandana or nodular technique; airbrushing.
Author’s stained-glass window
Stained-glass window (from French. Vitrage – glass) – an ornamental or plot decorative composition of glass or other material that transmits light.
There are several types of stained glass, depending on the technique of its manufacture:
Classic stained glass window (Tiffany technology) – made of transparent pieces of glass held by partitions of soft metal or plastic.
Laid on stained glass – obtained by fusing sintering technology, sometimes by gluing elements to the base, while there are no metal connections between the glasses.
Painted stained-glass window – a picture is applied on the glass surface with transparent paints.
Film stained-glass window – a lead tape and a multi-colored self-adhesive film (English technology) are glued onto the glass surface.
Combined stained-glass window – is formed by a combination of various technologies for creating a stained-glass window.
There are several varieties of silk embroidery:
Xian embroidery appeared in the Changsha area of Hunan province. This style is characterized by its color contrasts; Xiani embroidery is often done in black and white with transitions through shades of gray, which gives the effect of three-dimensionality.
Guangdong embroidery is known in the Chaoju area of Guangdong province and is characterized by the use of bright colors and symmetrical but intricate details of embroidery, which allows you to compare this style with some examples of Western fine art.
Sichuan embroidery was born in Chengdu area of Sichuan province. This is the oldest embroidery style in Chinese history: silk patterns with fragments of Sichuan embroidery were discovered more than 3,000 years ago in the sarcophagus of a mummy in Egypt. Satin and silk are used in this style, Sichuan embroidery is mainly used to decorate the covers of a quilt, pillowcase, items of clothing and shoes.
Suzhou embroidery is the most famous and famous style, also called (subsequently) called “Free Stitch”, was formed in the Suzhou area of Jiangsu province. This style is characterized by the arbitrary application of stitches of silk threads of various lengths and directions, the use of threads of many color shades, and in some cases, the splitting of the silk thread into individual fibers, heat treatment of silk, and other techniques that have been tested and worked out for centuries, which creates completely unbelievable effects at the exposition of works made by craftsmen from Suzhou.
Hot enamel paintings
Hot enamel (from email) is an enamel technique in which a pasteous mass painted with metal oxides is applied to a specially treated surface and fired, resulting in a glassy color layer.
There are several types of enamels, depending on the technique of its manufacture:
Enamel miniature, enamel is a technique of artistic enameling, which uses the technique of brush easel painting. The first registration of the image is performed on a white enamel background of a copper base plate. After undermining, the plate is dried, calcined in a muffle furnace at 800 degrees, and prescribed again. To obtain maximum color sophistication and detail of the picture, the enamel artist repeats this process many times.