Vrubel Mikhail Alexandrovich
Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries,…

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Vietnam University of Fine Arts
Vietnam University of Fine Arts (formerly Hanoi Higher School of Fine Arts) is an art school in Hanoi (Vietnam), which was created in 1925 under French rule. The university has…

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paintbrush

A brush is nothing more than a simple tool to help an artist complete his plan. But like with every tool with brushes, one must also be able to handle.

oil First, let’s get acquainted with the brush device, which is common to almost all types.
Brushes consist of three main parts:
– hair bundle
– metal clip (capsule)
– wooden handle

– The hair bundle, the actual working part of the brush, is natural or synthetic hair, collected in a bundle of a certain shape and size.
– The clip serves to shape, preserve the beam and connect it to the handle. The clip is made of metal and other materials. Seamless clips are the most convenient to use and outwardly more attractive.
– A good quality pen can only be made of hardwood hardwood (beech, birch, etc.)

The shape of the brush is divided into:
Round. One of the most versatile brushes. Designed for applying paint with a line with a constant thickness, or a line that varies in thickness. This is a great brush for drawing, creating textures, working on details. With the help of a round brush you can penetrate the most “inaccessible” sections of the picture.

Flat. Flat brushes are made by squeezing the clips so that a bunch of flat shape is formed. Such brushes apply wide even strokes: they work well in large areas of the canvas. Due to the thickness and length of the hair, the brush holds a lot of paint.

Contouring. This type of brushes is close to flat: both types have a similar shape, but the bunch of these brushes is shorter, which gives the brush more elasticity and improves control over the quality of flat strokes. In addition, a shorter hair makes it easier to create a smooth transition from one color to another and well emphasizes the contour.

Cat’s tongue. It is a flat brush with a domed or oval shape. Its application is very diverse – it can be written as an ordinary flat brush and, at the same time, in a perpendicular position to the surface – as round. It is a constant leader among brushes used to transition one color to another.

Retouched. If you need to apply a very accurate smear, you cannot find a better brush. It looks like a short bristled, flat-brushed brush. Since the tip of the brush allows you to quickly and confidently change the volume of hair or bristles carrying paint, this part is an excellent tool for creating a transition of one color to another in hard-to-reach, narrow, small sections of the picture.

Patterned. The tip of the hair of this brush is blunt and flat, and the paint is applied to the surface by vertical strokes. Brushes are used to apply an even layer through the stencil. In addition, they are perfect for glazing or loose layers of paint.

Fleitz. Brushes are intended for free painting with fills; they are used mainly with watercolors and are almost always made from soft squirrel hair. They live up to their name because they can hold a lot of paint. A dry brush “Shore” gives excellent results when working on top of wet paint – especially oily – to wash and soften the contours.

Font. Used with liquid paints and is a variation of round brushes with very long hair. They apply thin even lines. The visible part of the hair serves as a reservoir for paint. Therefore, it is possible to draw a long line without refilling the brush. Working with these brushes requires some practice. As their name implies, they are great for lettering.

Linear This is the younger sister of font brushes. They are shorter than the last, but longer than round ones, leave precise lines, long strokes and are also suitable for inscriptions.

Fan-shaped. Flat brushes with a sparse fan-shaped bundle. With their help, it is possible to make a subtle color extension. You can also soften the contrast of contours and texture.

Brushes have common design features; in addition, they have a number of common properties with respect to form. The shape of the beam and the purpose of the brush are directly related.
Flat brushes, in contrast to round ones, are more elastic, they make it possible to obtain a more definite flat shape of the brushstroke, so they are convenient for depicting grass, earth, leaves, architectural details and everything that requires precise outlines.

By type of hair, the brushes are divided into bristle, sandstone, badger, bear, columnar, squirrel, auricular (cow), as well as synthetic.

Pork bristles. A great choice among the best brushes for oil and acrylic. A pork bristle brush is also well suited for working with thick paint, just as a core brush for watercolor. The best bristle brushes are made from the hair of a Chinese Angking hog. The elastic, strong bristles of this animal (hair up to 20 cm long) are processed – the bristles are boiled and bleached and only white hair is used to make brushes of professional quality.

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The art of the late 1400s and early 1500s
Outstanding representatives of the art of the late 1400s and early 1500s were three masters. These were Michelangelo, Raphael and Leonardo da Vinci. Michelangelo was an outstanding painter, architect and…

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