Italian painting 13-14 centuries
The leading role in Italian painting of the 13th century was played by the Byzantine tradition. Italy was a motley conglomerate of cultural centers. A special role among numerous local…

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Contemporary Italian Art
At the beginning of the 20th century, representatives of futurism developed a dynamic view of the modern world, while Giorgio de Chirico demonstrated a strange metaphysical calm, while Amedeo Modigliani…

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Installation and Object, as forms of contemporary art
“I saw cats without smiles, but a smile without a cat ...” - Lewis Carroll “Alice in Wonderland”. The situation with contemporary art, starting from the 20th century, resembles the…

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Portraiture from a photograph

Any interaction often also involves mutual use. If a photograph initially perceived such picturesque structures as a composition and a system of genres, so that “the first person who saw the photograph (with the exception of its creators) would take it for a picture” (V. Benjamin), then painting itself inevitably ended up at the other extreme , “Copying” any features inherent in the photograph. The possibilities that photography possessed were as varied as its use among artists. For some, it was only a document capable of accurately conveying reality, or a collection of images of memory, a phenomenon close in aesthetic views and, finally, a way of seeing. (Elena Zyryanova, course “Painting and Photography”). Portraiture is very diverse. For example, in the Roman Empire, during the trial, a portrait of the emperor was needed, which meant his presence in the courtroom.

We know that the painter’s work on the canvas is often preceded by work on sketches. Although sketches are often not inferior in terms of artistic value to the canvas, they do not always represent fragments of a completed painting. In addition, the artist can many times rewrite individual parts of the picture. This means that the artist’s painting is not a drawing from nature. But what does it represent? What does the master look for when he paints his picture? There is only one conclusion: the artist seeks to express his vision of reality through the content of the picture. (Kopylenko V.M.)

A portrait from a photograph, oil on canvas as a genre of fine art, appeared recently. However, in this short time, this genre has become very popular. When ordering such a work, it is important to take into account when choosing photographs how much a person is like himself and the level of illumination. It is no secret that a person, such as we know him, is not made by a static picture, but by a combination of “drawings” of his face, facial expressions and gestures. A portrait from a photograph can be a great gift for a loved one or close relative.

In the visual arts, a portrait is an independent genre whose purpose is to display the visual characteristics of a model. “The portrait depicts the external appearance (and through it the inner world) of a concrete, real person that existed in the past or exists in the present” (Portrait in fine art. E. Ya. Basin). A portrait of a person from nature gives the artist the opportunity to reflect in the picture those features that he manages to see during communication with the model; photography captures the moment, and, alas, captures accurately enough only what is happening here and now.

It is very important to understand the difference between the work performed from nature and with the photo. By making a portrait from nature, the artist can depict the person being portrayed as he can or sees, and spend any time necessary for his design to do so. The same portrait, performed with a photo, takes much more time, since the artist must accurately convey the image of the face, not only how he can or sees, but which one is real in the photo. Quite a lot of time is also spent on a group portrait, since it is necessary to accurately transfer a lot of details and images. At the same time, we remember that a photograph and a person in life can vary significantly.

We know that the painter’s work on the canvas is often preceded by work on sketches. Although sketches are often not inferior in terms of artistic value to the canvas, they do not always represent fragments of a completed painting. In addition, the artist can many times rewrite individual parts of the picture. This means that the artist’s painting is not a drawing from nature. But what does it represent? What does the master look for when he paints his picture? There is only one conclusion: the artist seeks to express his vision of reality through the content of the picture. (Kopylenko V.M.)

Oil painting is the most complex of the existing techniques of easel painting.
Oil painting with the image and the transfer of emotions is a very difficult task for the artist. Oil painting, as a rule, is performed in a multi-layer technique in several stages and registration. Each stage or registration must dry before the other is applied. The technique of oil painting is complex and time-consuming, so even a small portrait, if it is painted in compliance with the technology, always takes quite a long time.

In general, the process of writing or modeling a portrait is a process of gradual alignment, where each brushstroke or complementary color has its own special meaning, enhancing the overall effect.

An important issue is the placement of oil paintings for the correct understanding and perception of the work. How to determine the optimal distance for viewing pictures? Oil paintings do not “look” closely.

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Modern landscape
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