4th century Florentine painting
In the 4th century, Florence was Italy's leading cultural center. Having lived only 27 years old, the talented Florentine artist Masaccio has largely determined the development of Florentine art after…

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Rock paintings of the Paleolithic era in Azerbaijan
One of the most amazing ancient sights of our planet is in Azerbaijan, where a plain with an area of ​​about 537 hectares is located south of Baku. In the…

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Cleopatra in art and painting: exotic queen and femme fatale
Cleopatra has inspired artists since the Renaissance. On the one hand, she was a great queen, whose attractiveness succumbed to Caesar and Anthony, the two most influential Roman military leaders.…

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Picasso Pablo

He studied with his father, H. Ruiz, at the schools of fine arts in La Coruña, Barcelona and at the Madrid San Fernando Academy, carried away by French art, familiar from reproductions. He was influenced by anarchism. In 1900 Picasso first came to Paris, since 1904 he has been living there permanently. Exhibited since 1901 with “Aunt Weil” and with A. Vollard. At this time, he was moving away from the influence of the Art Nouveau style, which for a long time remained in the manner of emphasizing the silhouettes of figures, as well as in coloristic monochromy. Picasso elects Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, Toulouse-Lautrec as his “teacher”. He begins to write in bright pasty strokes in the manner of protofovism.

“Blue” and “pink” periods

For the years of travel between Paris and Barcelona (1901-04), the so-called “blue period” falls: the master’s palette is dominated by blue shades. The paintings of this period are characterized by images of poverty, melancholy and sadness (Picasso believed – “who is sad, he is sincere”); people’s movements are slowed down, they seem to listen to themselves (“A lover of absinthe”, 1901; “Date”, 1902, both in the Hermitage; “Old beggarly old man with a boy”, 1903, Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow). In the next period, called “Pink”, there are scenes of friendship, admiring the beauty of a naked body. The product of the transition period – from “blue” to “pink” – “Girl on the Ball” (1905, Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow).

Cubism

In 1907, Picasso created the composition Avignon Maidens (Museum of Modern Art, New York) – a large panel whose characters are visitors and girls of a brothel in the Avignon quarter of Barcelona (as the poet A. Salmon, who gave the name to the work) believed to appear as sexless creatures , some awesome idols. The work combines different stylistic manners: the pink figures of the characters are geometrized, the faces of some of them are written in a line style that imitates the techniques of African sculptors. The Avignon Maidens made a sensation, the picture laid the foundation for many experiments. The taste for sharp, destructive deformation turned out to be the banner of the new century. In 1908-09, Picasso, together with J. Braque, influencing each other, developing a new style – cubism, which became a radical turn from the search for the artistic equivalent of reality to its complete reconstruction. Neutral, mainly ocher, gray, brown and greenish tones are used, typical for Cezanne’s painting, but noticeably “heavier”, opaque; they are combined into geometric formulas, exposing some initial “prototypes” of human figures, things and the natural world (“Queen Isabo”, “Lady with a Fan”, both 1909; “Portrait of A. Vollard”, 1910, all at the Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow ; “Dryad”, “Farmer”, “Three Women”, a series of still lifes, 1909-10, the Hermitage). The first stage of cubism was subsequently called the “analytical” one. Since 1919, it is gradually reborn, and in 1913 a “synthetic” stage appears, which is characterized by a high color of forms, the desire for a planar interpretation of objects. Still lifes begin to prevail, mainly with musical instruments, pipes and tobacco boxes, notes, bottles of wine, etc. – attributes inherent in the lifestyle of artistic bohemia of the beginning of the century. A “cubist cryptography” appears in the compositions: encrypted phone numbers, houses, fragments of the names of lovers, street names, zucchini. Picasso uses collage – pasting on canvas ads, labels and newspaper clippings; over time, the volume of foreign material in the picture increases (dusting with sand, mounting pieces of wood and metal, glass fragments, the use of gypsum, etc.). In the “synthetic” period, there is also a desire for harmonization of color, balanced compositions that sometimes fit into the oval. In the future, the fascination with cubism disappears, however, some of its features continue to be preserved in the paintings until the end of the artist’s life (Three Musicians, 1921, Museum of Modern Art, New York).

Neoclassicism

Already in the painting “The Artist and His Model” (1914) and in a number of drawings, Picasso showed interest in precise contours and plastic forms. In three to four years, neoclassical and realistic trends become apparent to everyone. It bothers many: the innovator, who seduced so many artists, has returned to tradition. Critical notes about the “chameleon artist” appeared in the press. In 1917, Picasso made the scenery for the ballet “Parade” by E. Satie (text by J. Cocteau) in the “Pompeian style.” The marriage of the ballerina Olga Khokhlova, the birth of his son Paul is accompanied by a return to the world of clear, understandable, alien to the dramatic expression of forms. A trip to Italy also strengthens interest in the classics. The master makes some drawings from photographs. He departs from the grotesque manner of the 1900s, in a different way “activates” the form, as if competing with his idol of those years – Ingres (this period is often called the “Engra”).

Painting
Painting, a type of fine art, artwork, which is created using paints applied to any hard surface. Like other forms of art, painting performs ideological and cognitive tasks, and also…

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City Pictures
The world of colors and romance of urban everyday life. The plots are diverse, inspiring authors to create pictures of cities in the world. The city is beautiful in the…

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Cubism: Technical and Stylistic Aspects
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans discovered African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and…

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Vrubel Mikhail Alexandrovich
Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries,…

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