Venice. Holidays, festivals, carnivals
It is generally accepted that the Venetian carnival owes its appearance to the Roman Saturnalia. This is an annual holiday that was held at the end of the harvest, attributable to the winter solstice. Celebrated during him the god of Saturn, fun and massively. Even the famous masks went from such festivities. The fact is that at that time slaves were allowed to sit at the same table with the owners, but in order not to hamper anyone and to put on masks. The origin of the name “carnival” is not known for certain. One of the most common versions is the interpretation of the Catholic Church. According to him, this word came from the Latin “carne vale”, which translates as “farewell to meat.” Thus, the church, as it were, made a substitution. An old pre-Christian holiday, she used to prepare believers for strict fasting, followed by Easter. As for documentary evidence, the first mention dates back to 1094, and two centuries later, the Senate of the Republic of Venice officially recognized the last, before fasting, as a public holiday. And from here, carnivals migrated to other cities and countries. A mandatory attribute remained a suit and mask, creating equality for the duration of the festivities. The popularity of masks in Venice was such that they began to wear it in everyday life, especially for committing any crimes. Subsequently, a decree was issued that forbade wearing a mask outside the holiday.
Venice. Holidays, festivals, carnivals
city landscape “On the bridge” (Venice), artist: E. Demakov
The carnival was also successful because strict religious prohibitions were lifted for this time, which meant that there was an outlet. During this period there were no shameful or too provocative things, bold and reckless, and even less promiscuous. This event has been waiting for a whole year. Its popularity continued until the 18th century. And then interest in him began to fade away. The second revival occurred in the second half of the last century. More than half a million tourists these days flood Venice. Many of them come to participate. The beginning of the carnival is Festa delle Marie. This holiday is dedicated to the release of Venetian girls from pirate captivity. Celebrations take place on St. Mark’s Square, after the presentation of “Comedy del Arte” the audience expects real rain from confetti. After this, the carnival procession itself takes place. Concerts are held in all city squares, noisy fireworks are replacing each other, in the theaters “play” performances on the theme of the carnival, in magnificent ancient palaces are given masked balls. And, at some point, you can’t understand anymore – you are a spectator or a participant in this many-sided show. On the streets you can meet the townspeople in costumes of the characters of Arlekino, Pantalone, Pierrot, the emblem of the holiday is Colombine. Thanks to costumed performances, an enchanting and frivolous atmosphere of past centuries is created. Since 1996, the carnival has a hymn that came out of the pen of the world famous couturier Pierre Cardin.
In addition to the Venice Carnival, the Venetian International Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale d’Arte Cinematografica) is considered another important holiday in the city. Although it is not as colorful and bright as a carnival, it is also popular. It is the oldest in the world, and was founded in 1932. You can get on it every year in August-September, the action takes place on the island of Lido. The main prize of this festival is the Golden Lion. The program includes – the main competition, the competition of short films, the program “Horizons” and, of course, an out-of-competition screening. No more than 20 films can compete in the main competition. At the same time, the main condition is that earlier they should not have participated in other festivals and not shown to the public. The list of lucky ones is kept secret until the official announcement. For the best film, the Golden Lion is awarded, the best director – Silver. Volpi Cup – the best actor, actress. The Horizons program evaluates feature films and documentaries. Those tapes that represent new trends in the development of cinema have more chances. Winners will take the Orizzonti award with them. Out-of-competition screening is also interesting, the time of film screenings is closer to midnight. For debut work you can be nominated for the prize of Luigi Di Laurentis. In addition, the film market operates throughout the festival. Here you can find the latest film production news.
All the color of modern art can be found at the Venetian Biennale. This festival takes place every odd year. From June to October, at successive exhibitions, you can admire the works of more than 500 of the most relevant artists. Despite the fact that there are up to three dozen biennals these days, only in Venice is it the most relevant and original. In addition, tradition has been 110 years old. The canals and palaces of the city over the years have witnessed the emergence of Art Nouveau and abstract art, exhibitions of artists from Chile and England.