In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans discovered African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and inspired by the incredible power and simplicity of the styles of these foreign cultures. Around 1906, Picasso met Matisse thanks to Gertrude Stein, at a time when both artists were only interested in primitivism and Iberian sculpture, African art and masks of African tribes. They became friendly rivals and competed with each other throughout their lives, which, perhaps by 1907, brought Picasso to a new period in his work, which was marked by the influence of Greek, Iberian and African art. Picasso’s paintings of 1907 are defined as protocubism, the forerunner of cubism, which is especially evident in the Continue reading
Cubism was born in the years 1907-1911. Pablo Picasso’s 1907 painting Avignon Maidens is often considered a proto-Cubist work. Georges Braque’s “Homes in Estate” (and related works) prompted the critic Louis Vosel to turn to bizarreries cubiques (cubic oddities). Gertrude Stein referred to landscapes painted by Picasso in 1909, for example, “Pond (Reservoir at Horta de Ebro)” as the first Cubist paintings. The first organized group exhibition of cubists took place at the Salon de la Independent in Paris in the spring of 1911 in a room called Hall 41 (Salle 41); it included the works of Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Fernand Leger, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Focognier, works by Picasso and Braque have not yet been exhibited.
Paul Cezanne Quarry Bibémus (“The Bibemius Quarry”), 1898-1900, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany Continue reading
Cubism is a trend in the avant-garde art of the early 20th century, which radically changed European painting and sculpture, and also inspired the corresponding trends in music, literature and architecture. Cubism is considered the most influential trend in 20th-century art. This term was widely used in connection with the great variety of art created in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteau) in the 1910s and 1920s.
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso stood at the origins of cubism, later they were joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Focognier, Fernand Leger and Juan Gris. The main factor that led to the creation of cubism was the representation of the three-dimensional form in the latest works of Paul Cezanne. In the Autumn Salon of 1904, a retrospective of Cezanne’s paintings was carried out, current works Continue reading
Landscape is a young genre of fine art. The image of nature has emerged relatively recently in an independent niche. Until the XVII-XVIII centuries, the concept of “landscape” did not exist. Pieces of nature with scanty prints accompanied the flat icon-writing, interspersed in historical plots and myths. Its flowering story of nature reached around the middle of the XIX century. This leap is associated with the invention of a tube-like pigment of paints, when the artist could work away from the workshop and engage in an open air.
Plein air painting enriched and diversified landscape paintings, allowed to go on trips to write a number of thematic subjects – landscapes of the east, Oceania, rural expanses and forests. Continue reading
Chinese painting is one of the oldest uninterrupted art traditions in the world. Painting in a traditional style is known today in Chinese as guóhuà (國畫 T, 国画 S), which means “folk painting” or “domestic”, in contrast to Western art styles that became popular in China in the twentieth century. Traditional painting essentially includes the same methods of calligraphy and is created with a brush dipped in black ink or colored pigments; oils are not used. As in the case of calligraphy, the most popular materials on which the paintings are made are paper and silk. Finished work can be installed on rolls that are hung or laid out. Works of traditional painting can also be performed on album sheets, walls, varnished surfaces, screens, etc.
2 main techniques of Chinese painting:
Gongbi (工筆), which means “thorough” and involves extremely detailed strokes that define the details very precisely. Often it is characterized by multicolor and usually depicts figurative or narrative themes. It is practiced by artists working at the royal court or in independent workshops. Continue reading