Interesting ideas

Musical instruments and national costumes in painting
Music seen, painting heard in the canvases of contemporaries “Without music, life would have been a mistake” Friedrich Nietzsche It is no coincidence that people playing musical instruments are on…

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Watercolor (Italian aquarelle or aqua-tento, French aquarelle, English painting in water colors, German Wasserfarbengemalde, Aquarellmalerei) - means painting with water (i.e., water-soluble) paints. watercolor Watercolor technique has been known for…

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Office decoration. Interesting ideas
Most people can safely say that a significant part of their lives goes to work. This is important to consider when arranging an office space, because the working atmosphere and…

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Buonarroti Michelangelo

He received his primary education at a Latin school in Florence. He studied painting at Ghirlandaio, sculpture at Bertoldo di Giovanni in the art school founded by Lorenzo Medici in the Medici Gardens. He copied the frescoes of Giotto and Masaccio, studied the sculpture of Donatello, and in 1494 in Bologna met with the works of Jacopo della Quercia. In the house of Lorenzo, where Michelangelo lived for two years, he became acquainted with the philosophy of Neoplatonism, which later had a strong influence on his world outlook and work. The attraction to the monumental enlargement of forms was already evident in his first works – the reliefs “Madonna at the Stairs” (c. 1491, Casa Buonarroti, Florence) and “Battle of the Centaurs” (c. 1492, ibid.).

First Roman period (1496-1501) Continue reading

Santi Rafael

Already in the early paintings, written before moving to Florence, the harmonious warehouse of talent inherent in Raphael had an effect, his ability to find perfect agreement of forms, rhythms, colors, movements, gestures – and in such small-format works, almost miniatures like Madonna Conestabile (c. 1502-03, Hermitage), “The Knight’s Dream” (c. 1504, National Gallery, London), “Three Graces” (Conde Museum, Chantilly), “St. George” (c. 1504, National Gallery, Washington) , and in a larger format “Mary’s Betrothal” (1504, Brera, Milan).

Florence period (1504-08)

Relocation played a huge role in the creative development of Raphael. Of primary importance to him was familiarity with the method of Leonardo da Vinci. Following Leonardo, he begins to work a lot from nature, studies anatomy, mechanics of movements, complex poses and camera angles, searches for compact, rhythmically balanced composition formulas. In the latest Florentine works of Raphael (“Position in the Sepulcher”, 1507, Borghese Gallery, Rome; “St. Catherine of Continue reading

Cubist sculpture

Just like in painting, cubist sculpture is rooted in the reduction by Paul Cezanne of drawn objects to compound planes and geometric bodies (cubes, spheres, cylinders and cones). And just like in painting, it became an all-pervasive influence and significantly contributed to constructivism and futurism.

Cubist sculpture developed in parallel with cubism in painting. In the fall of 1909, Picasso created “The Head of a Woman (Fernando)” with positive features using negative and positive space. According to Douglas Cooper: “The first real cubist sculpture was the impressive“ Woman’s Head ”by Picasso, modeled in 1909-1910, the equivalent in three dimensions for many of these analytical and faceted heads in his paintings of that time.” These positive / negative changes were ambitiously used by Alexander Arkhipenko in 1912-1913, for example, in The Walking Woman. After Arkhipenko, Jozsef Chaki was the first sculptor in Paris to join the Cubists, with whom he exhibited Continue reading

Abstract and readymade

The most extreme forms of cubism were not those practiced by Picasso and Braque, who resisted complete abstraction, but other cubists, especially Frantisek Kupka, and those whom Apollinaire attributed to the orphists (Delaunay, Leger, Picabia and Duchamp), while taking abstraction, they completely removed visible subject image. Two exhibits of Kupka at the Autumn Salon of 1912, Amorpha. Two-color Fugue “and” Amorpha. Chromatic heat ”, were extremely abstract (or unrepresentative) and metaphysically oriented. Duchamp in 1912 and Picabia in 1912-1914 developed an expressive and symbolic abstraction devoted to complex emotional and sexual topics.

Red Made, Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, Hamburg Kunsthale
Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, 46 x 40 cm, Hamburg Kunsthalle, an example of abstract cubism.

Starting in 1912, Delaunay painted the series of paintings “Simultaneous Windows”, which followed the “Rounded Continue reading

Cubism until 1914

There is a clear distinction between the cubists of Canweiler and the cubists of the Salon. Until 1914, Braque, Picasso and Leger (to a lesser extent), Gris received the support of the only interested art dealer in Paris, Daniel-Henri Canweiler, who guaranteed them an annual income for the exclusive right to acquire their work. I sold them only to a small circle of connoisseurs. His support gave artists the freedom to experiment in relative privacy. Picasso worked at Montmartre until 1912, while Braque and Gris remained there until the end of World War I. Leger settled on Montparnasse.
Recommended illustration:
Albert Gleize Man on a Balcony (Portrait of Dr. Théo Morinaud) (1912, oil on canvas, 195.6 x 114.9 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art). Finished in the same year as the book of Albert Glease “On Cubism” in collaboration with Jean Metzenge. Exhibited at the Autumn Salon in Paris in 1912, and at the Arsenal Exhibition in New York, Chicago and Boston in 1913.

At the same time, salon cubists built their reputation, first of all, regularly exhibiting at the Autumn Salon and the Salon Continue reading

Installation and Object, as forms of contemporary art
“I saw cats without smiles, but a smile without a cat ...” - Lewis Carroll “Alice in Wonderland”. The situation with contemporary art, starting from the 20th century, resembles the…


Masterpieces of French Painting
Felix Edward Vallotton is usually considered a Frenchman, but he was born in Switzerland, in Lausanne, on December 28, 1865 into a Protestant family. His father, Arman Adrien, was a…


In 1879, wall paintings from the Paleolithic era were first discovered in the Altamira cave in northern Spain, in the province of Santander. Scientists have found that on the stone…


Spanish painting. Modern period
Over the centuries, Spanish artists began to move away from traditional painting styles towards more abstract and freer styles. Plots became more obscure, reaching its peak in the direction of…