Portraiture from a photograph
Any interaction often also involves mutual use. If a photograph initially perceived such picturesque structures as a composition and a system of genres, so that “the first person who saw…

Continue reading →

Spanish painting. Modern period
Over the centuries, Spanish artists began to move away from traditional painting styles towards more abstract and freer styles. Plots became more obscure, reaching its peak in the direction of…

Continue reading →

STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART
There is a huge variety of styles and trends in the visual arts. Often they do not have clearly defined boundaries and smoothly pass from one to another, being in…

Continue reading →

simple drapery

Cubist sculpture

Just like in painting, cubist sculpture is rooted in the reduction by Paul Cezanne of drawn objects to compound planes and geometric bodies (cubes, spheres, cylinders and cones). And just like in painting, it became an all-pervasive influence and significantly contributed to constructivism and futurism.

Cubist sculpture developed in parallel with cubism in painting. In the fall of 1909, Picasso created “The Head of a Woman (Fernando)” with positive features using negative and positive space. According to Douglas Cooper: “The first real cubist sculpture was the impressive“ Woman’s Head ”by Picasso, modeled in 1909-1910, the equivalent in three dimensions for many of these analytical and faceted heads in his paintings of that time.” These positive / negative changes were ambitiously used by Alexander Arkhipenko in 1912-1913, for example, in The Walking Woman. After Arkhipenko, Jozsef Chaki was the first sculptor in Paris to join the Cubists, with whom he exhibited Continue reading

Cubism until 1914

There is a clear distinction between the cubists of Canweiler and the cubists of the Salon. Until 1914, Braque, Picasso and Leger (to a lesser extent), Gris received the support of the only interested art dealer in Paris, Daniel-Henri Canweiler, who guaranteed them an annual income for the exclusive right to acquire their work. I sold them only to a small circle of connoisseurs. His support gave artists the freedom to experiment in relative privacy. Picasso worked at Montmartre until 1912, while Braque and Gris remained there until the end of World War I. Leger settled on Montparnasse.
Recommended illustration:
Albert Gleize Man on a Balcony (Portrait of Dr. Théo Morinaud) (1912, oil on canvas, 195.6 x 114.9 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art). Finished in the same year as the book of Albert Glease “On Cubism” in collaboration with Jean Metzenge. Exhibited at the Autumn Salon in Paris in 1912, and at the Arsenal Exhibition in New York, Chicago and Boston in 1913.

At the same time, salon cubists built their reputation, first of all, regularly exhibiting at the Autumn Salon and the Salon Continue reading

Cubism: Technical and Stylistic Aspects

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans discovered African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and inspired by the incredible power and simplicity of the styles of these foreign cultures. Around 1906, Picasso met Matisse thanks to Gertrude Stein, at a time when both artists were only interested in primitivism and Iberian sculpture, African art and masks of African tribes. They became friendly rivals and competed with each other throughout their lives, which, perhaps by 1907, brought Picasso to a new period in his work, which was marked by the influence of Greek, Iberian and African art. Picasso’s paintings of 1907 are defined as protocubism, the forerunner of cubism, which is especially evident in the Continue reading

Santi Rafael
Already in the early paintings, written before moving to Florence, the harmonious warehouse of talent inherent in Raphael had an effect, his ability to find perfect agreement of forms, rhythms,…

...

Abstract and readymade
The most extreme forms of cubism were not those practiced by Picasso and Braque, who resisted complete abstraction, but other cubists, especially Frantisek Kupka, and those whom Apollinaire attributed to…

...

Italian painting 13-14 centuries
The leading role in Italian painting of the 13th century was played by the Byzantine tradition. Italy was a motley conglomerate of cultural centers. A special role among numerous local…

...

Italian art and painting
The history of Italian art is the art of Italy itself in time and space. After Etruscan civilization, and especially after the Roman Republic and Empire, which has held a…

...