He studied with his father, H. Ruiz, at the schools of fine arts in La Coruña, Barcelona and at the Madrid San Fernando Academy, carried away by French art, familiar from reproductions. He was influenced by anarchism. In 1900 Picasso first came to Paris, since 1904 he has been living there permanently. Exhibited since 1901 with “Aunt Weil” and with A. Vollard. At this time, he was moving away from the influence of the Art Nouveau style, which for a long time remained in the manner of emphasizing the silhouettes of figures, as well as in coloristic monochromy. Picasso elects Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, Toulouse-Lautrec as his “teacher”. He begins to write in bright pasty strokes in the manner of Continue reading
Cubism was born in the years 1907-1911. Pablo Picasso’s 1907 painting Avignon Maidens is often considered a proto-Cubist work. Georges Braque’s “Homes in Estate” (and related works) prompted the critic Louis Vosel to turn to bizarreries cubiques (cubic oddities). Gertrude Stein referred to landscapes painted by Picasso in 1909, for example, “Pond (Reservoir at Horta de Ebro)” as the first Cubist paintings. The first organized group exhibition of cubists took place at the Salon de la Independent in Paris in the spring of 1911 in a room called Hall 41 (Salle 41); it included the works of Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Fernand Leger, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Focognier, works by Picasso and Braque have not yet been exhibited.
Paul Cezanne Quarry Bibémus (“The Bibemius Quarry”), 1898-1900, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany Continue reading
Cubism is a trend in the avant-garde art of the early 20th century, which radically changed European painting and sculpture, and also inspired the corresponding trends in music, literature and architecture. Cubism is considered the most influential trend in 20th-century art. This term was widely used in connection with the great variety of art created in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteau) in the 1910s and 1920s.
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso stood at the origins of cubism, later they were joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Focognier, Fernand Leger and Juan Gris. The main factor that led to the creation of cubism was the representation of the three-dimensional form in the latest works of Paul Cezanne. In the Autumn Salon of 1904, a retrospective of Cezanne’s paintings was carried out, current works Continue reading