Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries, M. Fortuny had the greatest influence on him; much in common in his art also with the work of the Pre-Raphaelites. But even more important for Vrubel were the impressions of the painting of the Italian Renaissance, as well as the images of literature (V. Shakespeare, I.V. Goethe, M. Yu. Lermontov).
The mature manner of the master – with his “crystalline” pattern, crushing the world into ornamental planes Continue reading
He received his primary education at a Latin school in Florence. He studied painting at Ghirlandaio, sculpture at Bertoldo di Giovanni in the art school founded by Lorenzo Medici in the Medici Gardens. He copied the frescoes of Giotto and Masaccio, studied the sculpture of Donatello, and in 1494 in Bologna met with the works of Jacopo della Quercia. In the house of Lorenzo, where Michelangelo lived for two years, he became acquainted with the philosophy of Neoplatonism, which later had a strong influence on his world outlook and work. The attraction to the monumental enlargement of forms was already evident in his first works – the reliefs “Madonna at the Stairs” (c. 1491, Casa Buonarroti, Florence) and “Battle of the Centaurs” (c. 1492, ibid.).
First Roman period (1496-1501) Continue reading
Spanish art is the art of Spain. Being an important part of Western art (especially under the influence of Italy and France, especially during the periods of Baroque and Classicism) and giving the world many famous and influential artists (including Velazquez, Goya and Picasso), Spanish art often possessed distinctive features and was evaluated to some extent separately from other European schools. These differences can be partially explained by the Moorish heritage of Spain (especially in Andalusia) and the political and cultural climate in Spain during the counter-reformation and the subsequent eclipse of the Spanish authorities during the Bourbon dynasty.
Spanish Art – El Greco (1541-1614), Exposure of Christ (El Espolio) Continue reading