The leading role in Italian painting of the 13th century was played by the Byzantine tradition. Italy was a motley conglomerate of cultural centers. A special role among numerous local schools was played by Florence and, in general, the region of Tuscany – the cities of Pisa, Lucca, Siena. The first signs of the Renaissance according to Vasari appear at the end of the 13th century along with two great Florentines – Cimabue and Giotto, who discarded Byzantine techniques and returned to genuine ancient traditions. Giotto’s picturesque reform turned out to be a source of fruitful and creative search for artists of the 14th century. And while none of them succeeded in succeeding Giotto’s synthetic style, all the major artists of the leading centers – Siena Simone Martini, Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, and the North Italian artists Pietro da Rimini and Giovanni Milano – follow the outlined Giotto in their creative development. After the frescoes in the church of San Francesco located in Assisi, Cimabue becomes the largest Florentine painter of the 14th century. His influence on the development of Tuscan painting is becoming Continue reading
In art, still life (from the French. Natur morte – “dead nature”) is usually called the image of inanimate objects, united in a single compositional group. Still life can have both independent meaning and be an integral part of the composition of the genre picture.
In a still life, a person’s attitude to the world is expressed. It reveals the understanding of beauty that is inherent in the artist as a person of his time.
The art of a thing has long been, long before becoming an independent field of artistic creation, was an integral part of any significant work. The role of a still life in a picture has never been exhausted by simple information, an accidental addition to the main content. Depending on the historical conditions and social demands, objects Continue reading