Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries, M. Fortuny had the greatest influence on him; much in common in his art also with the work of the Pre-Raphaelites. But even more important for Vrubel were the impressions of the painting of the Italian Renaissance, as well as the images of literature (V. Shakespeare, I.V. Goethe, M. Yu. Lermontov).
The mature manner of the master – with his “crystalline” pattern, crushing the world into ornamental planes Continue reading
Member of the World of Art. Since the 1920s he lived in India. Emotional, colorful and decorative compositions inspired by the history of Ancient Russia (“The Messenger”, 1897), Indian and Tibetan nature and mythology (“Remember”, 1945). Roerich considered history and nature as a process of a single “cosmic evolution”. In 1924-1928, together with Yu. N. Roerich and in 1934-1935 he made expeditions to India, China, Mongolia and other countries of Central and East Asia (books Heart of Asia, 1929, Gateway to the Future, 1936). Initiator of the movement in defense of cultural monuments (in 1954 the Roerich International Pact for the Protection of Cultural Property was concluded); founded the Institute of Himalayan Studies in Nigar – “Urusvati” (1929-42; together with Yu. N. Roerich). Collection of poems “Flowers of Moria”, 1921; prose essay and diary books: Ways of Blessing, 1924, Flame Stronghold, 1932, Indestructible, 1936, Altai-Himalayas, in Continue reading
Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading