Painting, a type of fine art, artwork, which is created using paints applied to any hard surface. Like other forms of art, painting performs ideological and cognitive tasks, and also serves as a sphere of creating objective aesthetic values, being one of the highly developed forms of human labor.
Painting reflects and in the light of various concepts evaluates the spiritual content of the era, its social development. Powerfully influencing the feelings and thoughts of the audience, forcing the latter to experience the reality depicted by the artist, it serves as an effective means of public education. Many paintings have documentary information value.
Due to the visibility of the image, the artist’s assessment of life, expressed in his work, acquires special Continue reading
Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading
Already in the early paintings, written before moving to Florence, the harmonious warehouse of talent inherent in Raphael had an effect, his ability to find perfect agreement of forms, rhythms, colors, movements, gestures – and in such small-format works, almost miniatures like Madonna Conestabile (c. 1502-03, Hermitage), “The Knight’s Dream” (c. 1504, National Gallery, London), “Three Graces” (Conde Museum, Chantilly), “St. George” (c. 1504, National Gallery, Washington) , and in a larger format “Mary’s Betrothal” (1504, Brera, Milan).
Florence period (1504-08)
Relocation played a huge role in the creative development of Raphael. Of primary importance to him was familiarity with the method of Leonardo da Vinci. Following Leonardo, he begins to work a lot from nature, studies anatomy, mechanics of movements, complex poses and camera angles, searches for compact, rhythmically balanced composition formulas. In the latest Florentine works of Raphael (“Position in the Sepulcher”, 1507, Borghese Gallery, Rome; “St. Catherine of Continue reading