Lithuanian stories of Mikalojus Čiurlionis
The genius of East European symbolism, artist, composer, writer and photographer, Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis was brought up in Polish culture, but became an outstanding creator of Lithuanian culture, an artist…

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Italian neoclassicism and 19th century art
As in other parts of Europe, Italian neoclassical art was based mainly on the principles of ancient Roman and ancient Greek art and architecture, as well as on Italian architecture…

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Vietnam University of Fine Arts
Vietnam University of Fine Arts (formerly Hanoi Higher School of Fine Arts) is an art school in Hanoi (Vietnam), which was created in 1925 under French rule. The university has…

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cultural ambitions

Abstract and readymade

The most extreme forms of cubism were not those practiced by Picasso and Braque, who resisted complete abstraction, but other cubists, especially Frantisek Kupka, and those whom Apollinaire attributed to the orphists (Delaunay, Leger, Picabia and Duchamp), while taking abstraction, they completely removed visible subject image. Two exhibits of Kupka at the Autumn Salon of 1912, Amorpha. Two-color Fugue “and” Amorpha. Chromatic heat ”, were extremely abstract (or unrepresentative) and metaphysically oriented. Duchamp in 1912 and Picabia in 1912-1914 developed an expressive and symbolic abstraction devoted to complex emotional and sexual topics.

Red Made, Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, Hamburg Kunsthale
Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, 46 x 40 cm, Hamburg Kunsthalle, an example of abstract cubism.

Starting in 1912, Delaunay painted the series of paintings “Simultaneous Windows”, which followed the “Rounded Continue reading

Lithuanian stories of Mikalojus Čiurlionis

The genius of East European symbolism, artist, composer, writer and photographer, Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis was brought up in Polish culture, but became an outstanding creator of Lithuanian culture, an artist who “discovered the exclusiveness of the national spirit”. How did this happen?

Ciurlionis was born on September 22, 1875 in the town of Orana (modern name Varena) in Lithuania. His childhood and youth passed in Druskeniki (modern Druskininkai) and Plungyan (modern Plunge). In Plungyan, he played in the orchestra of Prince Oginsky, which began his musical career. During his studies at the Warsaw University of Music, Čiurlionis revolved in Polish bohemian artistic circles. Brought up in the cult of Polish literature (he adored the Slovak) and for most of his life not knowing the Lithuanian language, Ciurlionis, under the influence of the growing Lithuanian national movement, decided to devote himself to creating national Lithuanian art.

How to become a Lithuanian in Eastern Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century?
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, portret, fot. CC / Wikimedia Commons
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, ph. SS / Wikimedia Commons Continue reading

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