Italian painting 13-14 centuries
The leading role in Italian painting of the 13th century was played by the Byzantine tradition. Italy was a motley conglomerate of cultural centers. A special role among numerous local…

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Vrubel Mikhail Alexandrovich
Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries,…

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Roerich Nikolai Konstantinovich
Member of the World of Art. Since the 1920s he lived in India. Emotional, colorful and decorative compositions inspired by the history of Ancient Russia (“The Messenger”, 1897), Indian and…

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cultural ambitions

Abstract and readymade

The most extreme forms of cubism were not those practiced by Picasso and Braque, who resisted complete abstraction, but other cubists, especially Frantisek Kupka, and those whom Apollinaire attributed to the orphists (Delaunay, Leger, Picabia and Duchamp), while taking abstraction, they completely removed visible subject image. Two exhibits of Kupka at the Autumn Salon of 1912, Amorpha. Two-color Fugue “and” Amorpha. Chromatic heat ”, were extremely abstract (or unrepresentative) and metaphysically oriented. Duchamp in 1912 and Picabia in 1912-1914 developed an expressive and symbolic abstraction devoted to complex emotional and sexual topics.

Red Made, Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, Hamburg Kunsthale
Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Windows on the City, 1912, 46 x 40 cm, Hamburg Kunsthalle, an example of abstract cubism.

Starting in 1912, Delaunay painted the series of paintings “Simultaneous Windows”, which followed the “Rounded Continue reading

Lithuanian stories of Mikalojus Čiurlionis

The genius of East European symbolism, artist, composer, writer and photographer, Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis was brought up in Polish culture, but became an outstanding creator of Lithuanian culture, an artist who “discovered the exclusiveness of the national spirit”. How did this happen?

Ciurlionis was born on September 22, 1875 in the town of Orana (modern name Varena) in Lithuania. His childhood and youth passed in Druskeniki (modern Druskininkai) and Plungyan (modern Plunge). In Plungyan, he played in the orchestra of Prince Oginsky, which began his musical career. During his studies at the Warsaw University of Music, Čiurlionis revolved in Polish bohemian artistic circles. Brought up in the cult of Polish literature (he adored the Slovak) and for most of his life not knowing the Lithuanian language, Ciurlionis, under the influence of the growing Lithuanian national movement, decided to devote himself to creating national Lithuanian art.

How to become a Lithuanian in Eastern Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century?
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, portret, fot. CC / Wikimedia Commons
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, ph. SS / Wikimedia Commons Continue reading

ART TECHNIQUES
Watercolor (from Italian. Aquarello) - means painting with water-based paints. There are several varieties of watercolor techniques: dry - painting on dry paper, with drying of each layer of paint…

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STYLES AND DIRECTIONS IN THE FINE ART
There is a huge variety of styles and trends in the visual arts. Often they do not have clearly defined boundaries and smoothly pass from one to another, being in…

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Cubism: Technical and Stylistic Aspects
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Europeans discovered African, Polynesian, Micronesian and Native American art. Artists such as Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were intrigued and…

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Modern landscape
Landscape is a young genre of fine art. The image of nature has emerged relatively recently in an independent niche. Until the XVII-XVIII centuries, the concept of "landscape" did not…

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