Cubism is a trend in the avant-garde art of the early 20th century, which radically changed European painting and sculpture, and also inspired the corresponding trends in music, literature and architecture. Cubism is considered the most influential trend in 20th-century art. This term was widely used in connection with the great variety of art created in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteau) in the 1910s and 1920s.
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso stood at the origins of cubism, later they were joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleize, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Focognier, Fernand Leger and Juan Gris. The main factor that led to the creation of cubism was the representation of the three-dimensional form in the latest works of Paul Cezanne. In the Autumn Salon of 1904, a retrospective of Cezanne’s paintings was carried out, current works Continue reading
Chinese painting is one of the oldest uninterrupted art traditions in the world. Painting in a traditional style is known today in Chinese as guóhuà (國畫 T, 国画 S), which means “folk painting” or “domestic”, in contrast to Western art styles that became popular in China in the twentieth century. Traditional painting essentially includes the same methods of calligraphy and is created with a brush dipped in black ink or colored pigments; oils are not used. As in the case of calligraphy, the most popular materials on which the paintings are made are paper and silk. Finished work can be installed on rolls that are hung or laid out. Works of traditional painting can also be performed on album sheets, walls, varnished surfaces, screens, etc.
2 main techniques of Chinese painting:
Gongbi (工筆), which means “thorough” and involves extremely detailed strokes that define the details very precisely. Often it is characterized by multicolor and usually depicts figurative or narrative themes. It is practiced by artists working at the royal court or in independent workshops. Continue reading
Japanese painting has a very rich history; its tradition is vast, while Japan’s unique position in the world has largely influenced the dominant styles and techniques of Japanese artists. The well-known fact that Japan has been quite isolated for many centuries is due not only to geography, but also to the dominant Japanese cultural tendency toward isolation, which marked the country’s history. Over the centuries of the existence of what we could call “Japanese civilization,” culture and art developed separately from those in the rest of the world. And this is even noticeable in the practice of Japanese painting. For example, Nihong’s paintings are some of the main works of Japanese painting practice. It is based on more than a thousand-year tradition, and paintings are usually created with brushes on your (Japanese paper) or egin (silk). Continue reading