Chinese painting is one of the oldest uninterrupted art traditions in the world. Painting in a traditional style is known today in Chinese as guóhuà (國畫 T, 国画 S), which means “folk painting” or “domestic”, in contrast to Western art styles that became popular in China in the twentieth century. Traditional painting essentially includes the same methods of calligraphy and is created with a brush dipped in black ink or colored pigments; oils are not used. As in the case of calligraphy, the most popular materials on which the paintings are made are paper and silk. Finished work can be installed on rolls that are hung or laid out. Works of traditional painting can also be performed on album sheets, walls, varnished surfaces, screens, etc.
2 main techniques of Chinese painting:
Gongbi (工筆), which means “thorough” and involves extremely detailed strokes that define the details very precisely. Often it is characterized by multicolor and usually depicts figurative or narrative themes. It is practiced by artists working at the royal court or in independent workshops. Continue reading