Painting, a type of fine art, artwork, which is created using paints applied to any hard surface. Like other forms of art, painting performs ideological and cognitive tasks, and also serves as a sphere of creating objective aesthetic values, being one of the highly developed forms of human labor.
Painting reflects and in the light of various concepts evaluates the spiritual content of the era, its social development. Powerfully influencing the feelings and thoughts of the audience, forcing the latter to experience the reality depicted by the artist, it serves as an effective means of public education. Many paintings have documentary information value.
Due to the visibility of the image, the artist’s assessment of life, expressed in his work, acquires special Continue reading
He studied with his father, H. Ruiz, at the schools of fine arts in La Coruña, Barcelona and at the Madrid San Fernando Academy, carried away by French art, familiar from reproductions. He was influenced by anarchism. In 1900 Picasso first came to Paris, since 1904 he has been living there permanently. Exhibited since 1901 with “Aunt Weil” and with A. Vollard. At this time, he was moving away from the influence of the Art Nouveau style, which for a long time remained in the manner of emphasizing the silhouettes of figures, as well as in coloristic monochromy. Picasso elects Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, Toulouse-Lautrec as his “teacher”. He begins to write in bright pasty strokes in the manner of Continue reading
Coming from a family of military lawyer. He studied at the Academy of Arts (1880-84) under P. P. Chistyakov; watercolor lessons took from I. E. Repin. Of the foreign contemporaries, M. Fortuny had the greatest influence on him; much in common in his art also with the work of the Pre-Raphaelites. But even more important for Vrubel were the impressions of the painting of the Italian Renaissance, as well as the images of literature (V. Shakespeare, I.V. Goethe, M. Yu. Lermontov).
The mature manner of the master – with his “crystalline” pattern, crushing the world into ornamental planes Continue reading
Member of the World of Art. Since the 1920s he lived in India. Emotional, colorful and decorative compositions inspired by the history of Ancient Russia (“The Messenger”, 1897), Indian and Tibetan nature and mythology (“Remember”, 1945). Roerich considered history and nature as a process of a single “cosmic evolution”. In 1924-1928, together with Yu. N. Roerich and in 1934-1935 he made expeditions to India, China, Mongolia and other countries of Central and East Asia (books Heart of Asia, 1929, Gateway to the Future, 1936). Initiator of the movement in defense of cultural monuments (in 1954 the Roerich International Pact for the Protection of Cultural Property was concluded); founded the Institute of Himalayan Studies in Nigar – “Urusvati” (1929-42; together with Yu. N. Roerich). Collection of poems “Flowers of Moria”, 1921; prose essay and diary books: Ways of Blessing, 1924, Flame Stronghold, 1932, Indestructible, 1936, Altai-Himalayas, in Continue reading
Born in a family of large officials. He began to draw in college. Opposing the intended lawyer career, he entered the maritime school. In 1848 he went on a hike on a ship in Rio de Janeiro. At the beginning of 1850, together with his friend at the gymnasium, A. Proust (in the future, the author of memoirs about Mans), he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris with T. Couture, a famous master of salon and academic art, famous for the painting “Romans of the Decline” (1847, Louvre Museum). Unlike many of his contemporary innovators, who did not stay long in the workshops of professors, Manet spent six years with Couture, mastering the skills of a clear drawing and its modeling with color, the laws of compositional construction. Manet travels a lot, visits the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, and later Germany, Spain and England. As in the collections of the Louvre, he is always interested in the “secrets” of painting by old masters, mainly Velazquez, Goya, El Greco, Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Watteau and Chardin, and among the new ones – Continue reading